On July 26, 2012, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court issued an opinion in the matter of Elia-Warnken v. Elia. This case involved a same-sex couple who was in the midst of divorce litigation.
On March 6, 2012, the Supreme Judicial Court held that a father who consents to in vitro fertilization is the legal father of the children born of this artificial insemination, even if the parties agreed that he would take no responsibility for the needs of said children (Chukwudera B. Okoli vs. Blessing N. Okoli).
On February 2, 2012, the Massachusetts Appeals Court upheld a lower court's judgment that a non-biological mother of a child born during a marriage who never co-adopted the child is nevertheless considered the child's other legal parent.